Farmers in Myanmar, as in many other countries, are starting to recognize the need to address climate change to safeguard their livelihoods. They are vulnerable in terms of the potential for increased food insecurity, flooding, drought, and rain patterns variations that are causing climate-driven migration.
In Myanmar, the agriculture sector contributes 33% of GDP. The livelihoods of rural communities and the productivity of the agricultural sector as a whole are largely influenced by climate conditions in these areas: The agricultural sector is impacted by late or early onset of monsoon season, longer dry spells, erratic rainfall, increasing temperature, heavy rains, stronger typhoons and flooding – all occurring with greater frequency.
In 2015, Myanmar developed its Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) strategy, which provides a framework to transition the agricultural sector in the context of climate change impacts and socio-economic challenges. CSA incorporates sustainable agriculture with considerations of climate change and gender.
Now, MEDA staff and local partners are looking to develop a CSA approach and toolkit for our Myanmar project, Improving Market Opportunities for Women (IMOW). A toolkit could include training pieces to help farmers better understand and prepare for impacts of climate change that they experience, and identify specific interventions they can implement.