About Tanzania

Tanzania copyGeography and Politics

Tanzania, in East Africa, is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern border is formed by the Indian Ocean. Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in Tanzania.

Tanzania's climate varies from tropical along the coast to more temperate in the highlands. It has plains along the coast, with a central plateau, and highlands in the north and south.

Tanzania gained independence in 1961. A unitary presidential democratic republic, Tanzania's president is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.

People and Economy

Population 49.6 Million
Life Expectancy 61 years
Population Literacy (Male) 75.5 %
Population Literacy (Female) 60.8 %
Population below poverty line    36 %
Unemployment Rate 10.7%
GDP Per Capita $1,700 USD


Tanzania is ranked 159 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index. There are approximately 27.2 million mobile phones in Tanzania, but only 678,000 Internet users. The major difficulties facing Tanzania include poverty, land degradation, deforestation, and corruption.