About Ethiopia

Ethiopia 084 copyGeography and Politics

Ethiopia, located in the Horn of Africa, is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.

Ethiopia's climate is a tropical monsoon with a variety of different terrains. It is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world, being at least 2000 years old.

A democratic country, Ethiopia has been contesting new borders since 2007, when previously contested areas were pronounced to belong to Eritrea.

People and Economy

Population 96.6 Million
Life Expectancy 60 years
Population Literacy (Male) 49.1 %
Population Literacy (Female) 28.9%
Population below poverty line    29.2%
Unemployment Rate 17.5%
GDP Per Capita $1,300 USD


Ethiopia is ranked 173 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index. There are approximately 20.5 million mobile phones in Ethiopia, but only 447,300 Internet users. The major difficulties facing Ethiopia include poor cultivation practices and frequent drought; however recent efforts by the Ethiopian government as well as foreign investors have strengthened Ethiopia's agricultural (makes up approximately 47% of GDP) resilience.